An initiative that sees local farmers sell biomass to Iggesund Paperboard’s paperboard mill in Workington is expected to return over £1.5 million GBP ($1.9 million USD) annually to the local agricultural industry, according to the substrate supplier.
Iggesund stated that the initiative has created a totally new source of income for close to 200 farms in Cumbria and Scotland. The initiative has also received a Rushlight Bioenergy Award. The Rushlight Awards program is designed specifically to support and promote the latest clean technologies, innovations, initiatives and deployment projects for businesses and other organizations throughout the UK, Ireland and internationally.
In 2013 Iggesund invested in a biomass-fired combined heat and power plant for the primary purpose of being able to run its paperboard mill on renewable energy. Overnight the mill switched its energy supply from fossil natural gas to biomass, and thereby reduced its fossil carbon dioxide emissions by 190,000 tonnes a year, the equivalent to the annual emissions of about 65,000 cars. In conjunction with this move, the idea was born to offer local farmers the opportunity to grow and sell energy crops to Iggesund.
Neil Watkins, alternative fuels manager at Iggesund in Workington, commented: ‘It’s been an exciting journey. We began in a situation where many farmers were sceptical, as farmers often are. But gradually, as they saw our commitment and our calculations for how they could earn more from their less-fertile land, more and more of them have joined our project, which we call “Grow Your Income”.’
The goal was to bring in 25,000 tonnes of biomass from the farming industry. After five years, it is clear that this goal will be exceeded when all the contracted crops are ready to harvest. Iggesund’s offer to the farming community also involves helping with planting and also handling the harvest and transport to the mill. All these steps help to reduce the workload on the individual farms. Iggesund has signed long index-linked contracts, which have helped to make the future income predictable.
When the project began, the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra) had made recommendations that parts of Cumbria have land highly suitable for energy crops. As the project developed, it became evident that the crops also help to counteract the effects of flooding and lead to greater biodiversity.
Watkins said: ‘Yet another advantage of energy crops – in our case short rotation coppice willow – is that they give a good yield on less fertile land and do not lay claim to land that is better suited to food production.’
Ulf Löfgren, Workington mill director at Iggesund, added: ‘Cumbria and the parts of Scotland where we are active are dominated by agriculture. Our interaction with farmers in working alongside them to grow energy crops, plus the fact that we meet with them at agricultural fairs and they come to us on study visits, has meant that we now have a far better-defined identity in the region.
‘In addition, we can also give ourselves a joint pat on the back for being a good example of the UN’s sustainable development goal 17, a partnership for achieving one of the other sustainable development goals. In this case, we have a collaboration between a large process industry and over 100 farmers to jointly reduce fossil emissions.’
Additionally, Iggesund Paperboard is growing its own eight-hectare energy crop on the land surrounding the mill.